Less than a day after Trump resigned, some people have already missed him.
With Biden’s new administration coming to power, the relationship between the United States and its “neighbor” Mexico is entering a new stage. However, the US media “New York Times” stated that Mexican President Lopez may not welcome Biden that much. Because in his eyes, the Biden administration may be “more nosy” than Trump.
“Trump respects our sovereignty”
On January 18, the New York Times analyzed the attitude of Mexican President Lopez towards Biden’s new administration under the title “The Mexican leader who once criticized Trump has begun to miss Trump”. At this time, there are two days left before Biden is sworn in.
At the beginning of the article, Natalie Kitroeff, the correspondent of the newspaper in Mexico, first answered why Lopez “started to miss Trump.” Kitrov said that during Trump’s tenure, his style of non-interference in Mexico’s internal affairs allowed Lopez to “manage Mexico as he pleases.”
Therefore, even if Trump called Mexican immigrants rapists, threatened to fight a trade war, and build a border wall, Lopez paid special tribute to the outgoing Trump when he spoke to Biden for the first time in December. , And expressed his “thank you”-“Regardless of any other considerations, he respects our sovereignty.”
Lopez “set off a storm”
When Biden’s new administration was here, Lopez began to “make waves” out of concerns about its interference in Mexico’s internal affairs. According to reports, in the past few weeks, Lopez has taken the initiative and has continued to create trouble for the incoming new government.
For example, in December of last year, Lopez’s congratulations on Biden’s victory came late, and were called “one of the last world leaders to congratulate Biden.” Lopez said that he deliberately waited until the Electoral College voted before writing to congratulate Biden on his victory. In the previous month, he also publicly stated twice that until the United States resolves the election legal disputes, he would not congratulate any winners, nor would he recognize a “government that has not been legally formed.”
Last December, Lopez signed a bill restricting the activities of “foreign agents” in Mexico. The outside world generally believes that this change is mainly aimed at US law enforcement personnel. The New York Times also stated that this move was intended to “weaken the ability of US anti-drug agencies to operate in Mexico.”
In January of this year, Lopez “extended an olive branch” to Julian Assange, the founder of the “Wiki Reveal” website, and expressed his willingness to provide him with political asylum. Some commentators said that when the United States requested the extradition of Assange on the grounds that the “Wiki Reveal” published secret documents related to the United States endangered the lives of others, Lopez’s move may lead to tensions in US-Mexico relations.
Former Mexico’s ambassador to the United States, Arturo Sarukhan, also stated that, given that “Wiki Reveals” exposed nearly 20,000 Democratic internal emails during the 2016 U.S. election, the asylum proposal may cause the Lopez administration and the Biden administration to happen. friction.
Regarding Lopez’s various actions, two anonymous officials of the Mexican government commented that behind these incidents Lopez’s concerns about Biden’s new government interference in Mexico’s internal affairs.
Biden’s “More Requests”
Whether Biden will interfere in Mexico’s internal affairs is yet to be known, but this article in the “New York Times” mentions that it is predictable that Biden may “make more demands” on Lopez.
According to several people familiar with Biden’s thinking, Biden expects a surge in immigration from Latin America. At present, thousands of illegal immigrants to the United States have gathered from northern Honduras in Central America.
Under this circumstance, as the only country with a land border to the south of the United States, Mexico is considered the key to stopping the new wave of immigration. In addition, the epidemic is still raging, and the Biden administration needs the cooperation of Lopez to detect and track people crossing the southern border for the new coronavirus.
“A colder relationship between the two countries”
However, unlike Trump, Biden is unlikely to “make Mexico do what he wants through threats or public humiliation.” This gave Lopez an opportunity to “set the tone for a more indifferent relationship between the two countries as soon as possible.”
Lopez has already started. According to reports, on January 14, the Mexican government exonerated Salvador Cienfuegos, the former Secretary of Defense who was accused of drug smuggling by US prosecutors. The following day, Lopez criticized the United States for fabricating this allegation out of political motives, and accused investigators of conducting “such an irresponsible and unsubstantiated investigation.”
Analysts said that Lopez’s real purpose may be to arouse the Mexican public’s dissatisfaction with the US’s involvement in drug control. In October last year, the United States suddenly arrested Cienfuegos at the Los Angeles International Airport without notifying the Mexican government in advance, which temporarily aggravated the conflict between the two sides.
“He is trying to arouse some kind of anti-American tendency,” said Carlos Bravo Regidor, a political analyst and associate professor at Mexico’s CIDE University. If Lopez succeeds, it will probably become easier to refuse the US government to interfere in Mexico’s internal affairs.
A large-scale fire broke out in the training ground of the Japanese Self-Defense Forces, and the US military was training nearby at the time of the incident
According to Japanese TV Asahi, a large-scale fire broke out in the North Fuji training ground of the Ground Self-Defense Force in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan on the evening of the 4th. The US military was holding shooting training nearby at the time of the incident.
The fire broke out at about 4:30 in the evening on the 4th. The incident occurred at the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force training ground across Fujiyoshida City and Yamanakako Village in Yamanashi County. At that time, thick smoke erupted, and then the fire spread widely in the shape of “one”, causing a large-scale fire.
The Japanese Self-Defense Forces continued to put out the fire, and the fire basically subsided late at night. At the time of the incident, nearby US troops were conducting howitzer shooting training. No one was injured in the fire, and the cause of the fire is still under investigation.
The UN Secretary-General’s special envoy is trying to contact Myanmar leaders
On February 1, Myanmar changed. Following the UN Secretary-General Guterres’s “strong condemnation” of the Myanmar military’s detention of Myanmar’s Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi and other officials, the UN Secretary-General’s spokesperson Stephane Dujarric said at a regular press conference, The United Nations special envoy for Myanmar and Swiss diplomat Christine Burgener is trying to contact government officials in Naypyidaw, the capital of Myanmar, but communication has not been restored.
“Birgner is actively interacting with this issue,” Dujarik said at a press conference. “She has consulted with dialogue parties outside Myanmar and is trying to get in touch with the Myanmar government. However, currently, Communication in the capital is very difficult.”
Bilgna has served as the UN Special Envoy for Myanmar since 2018. In addition to her, the UN Myanmar team in Yangon was also unable to obtain information about the situation, and other UN agencies in New York also failed to obtain the opportunity to communicate with the Myanmar government in Naypyidaw.
Dujarik added that the personnel sent by the United Nations to Myanmar are paying close attention to the development of the situation to ensure that vulnerable groups in Myanmar will not suffer too much from the incident as the epidemic spreads. He said that the most important thing for Myanmar at present is that the international community can “speak with one voice.”
“What we know is that the will of the people of Myanmar has been overthrown in an undemocratic way,” Dujarik said. “This situation must be changed and the will of the people must be respected.”
Faced with the uncertain status of Myanmar, the United Kingdom, the rotating presidency of the United Nations Security Council, will hold a meeting to discuss the current situation in Myanmar on the morning of February 2nd Eastern Time. Barbara Woodward, the British ambassador to the United Nations, expressed the hope that the members of the Security Council can conduct “constructive discussions” on the form of Myanmar at the meeting.
According to news from Agence France-Presse on the 1st, the meeting will be conducted via video and will not be made public. The Special Envoy for Myanmar, Birgner, will brief the Security Council on the latest development of the incident.
On February 1, Burmese State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and Burmese President Win Myint were detained by the military. A Burmese woman accidentally recorded a military vehicle driving towards the parliament. At around 8 am on the same day, the Myanmar military declared a state of emergency in Myanmar. According to the United Nations News Network, many newly-elected parliamentarians are currently under house arrest, the streets of the city are heavily guarded, and wireless network devices such as mobile phones are almost completely interrupted.
In response to this matter, in an interview on February 1, the United Nations Special Envoy for Myanmar and Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in Myanmar, Tom Andrews, called on the international community to take “decisive action”, including “strong and targeted sanctions and Arms embargo”. In addition, he stated that he should “unconditionally release all detained persons and resume communications” and end this “horrifying illegal act”.
The U.S. finally identified the ‘Myanmar coup’ and mentioned China
In the face of the sudden change in the political situation in Myanmar on the 1st, the US’s statement changed from “shock” to “call for release” to “threat of sanctions.” Although the wording has become stronger and stronger, the United States has never used the term “coup”.
On the afternoon of the 2nd, the wording of the Biden administration finally changed. U.S. State Department spokesperson Ned Price said at his first press conference after taking office that the United States, after examining all the facts, determined that the military action of the Myanmar military on February 1 constituted a military coup. He specifically mentioned that this military coup is not in the interests of the United States and “nor is it in the interests of China.”
According to the US “Foreign Aid Act”, if a country has a “military coup” or any act that “deposes a democratically elected head of government” through a government order, the United States must limit its aid to that country.
However, a reporter mentioned at the press conference that when the Egyptian political turmoil occurred in 2013, the Obama administration took three weeks to decide whether to define the Egyptian incident as a coup. In this Myanmar incident, the Biden administration basically made a decision in less than a day. The reporter asked about this, why is this government able to make a decision so quickly that the Myanmar incident meets the criteria for a coup?
In this regard, Price said that this case is “very clear”, “We are based on the judgment that (Myanmar) deposed State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and President Win Min in the military coup on February 1.”
“The’State Council, Foreign Operations and Related Projects’ appropriation bill contain a recurring clause that restricts certain aid to the military. Let’s take a look at three criteria… the officially elected head of government (first), Was deposed by a military coup or decree (second), in which the army played a decisive role (third),” Price added. These are the three standards that the State Council has been paying attention to. What happened in Myanmar on February 1 A coup, so we acted quickly.
He said: “This military coup is obviously not in our (U.S.) interests, and certainly not in the interests of our like-minded partners (countries). I think you will also find that this is not in China’s interests.”
But when asked if the US side had any communication with China, Price did not answer directly. He said: “I don’t have a specific dialogue to talk about. Once again, our focus is on our allies who share our interests.”
In addition, Price also mentioned the specific amount of bilateral aid provided by the United States to Myanmar in the fiscal year 2020-$135 million. “I must say that only a small part of this aid is for the Myanmar government.”
CNN quoted a U.S. State Department official as saying that the U.S. direct foreign aid to the Myanmar government was “very little.” “The Myanmar government, including the Myanmar military, has been subject to some foreign aid restrictions, including due to its Legal restrictions on military assistance caused by human rights records”.
The official said that the U.S. government will start the review “immediately”, “The review includes projects that indirectly benefit the military or low-level officers.” “At the same time, we will continue to implement projects that directly benefit the people of Myanmar, including humanitarian assistance. And democratic support projects that benefit civil society.”