Since the outbreak of the new coronavirus epidemic, China has been actively and openly and has maintained close cooperation with the World Health Organization (WHO) on global virus traceability. However, some Western politicians and the media have spoken out for political purposes, adding noise to the tracers of the virus that is a scientific issue.
On the eve of the WHO’s international expert group on the traceability of the new coronavirus came to visit China, the WHO experts once again reiterated that their trip was not for “inquiry” and has nothing to do with politics. WHO experts also reminded the media not to use Trump-style accusations.
According to a report by the British “Guardian” on January 12, Fabian Leendertz, one of the members of the international expert group and professor of epidemiology at the Robert Koch Institute of German Public Health Agency, pointed out that he was on-site in China. The location related to the epidemic is very important, but it may take a long time to figure out the origin of the virus. “We may only put forward an idea, but cannot come up with scientific proof.”
According to the report, like other colleagues who participated in this inspection, Leendertz’s attitude is very clear. He said: “This is not to inquire’ China, nor is it to say that it (the virus) starts from here, and the error is only 3 meters. ‘This is to reduce the risk (of virus transmission).”
He added: “The media also help. Don’t use ‘Trump-style’ accusations. Our work has nothing to do with politics.”
In the interview, Leendertz also mentioned that WHO experts had previously held several fruitful video conferences with their Chinese counterparts.
Regarding the “accusation of China”, another member of the international expert group, Marion Koopmans, director of virology at the Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, also expressed similar views to Leendertz.
In an interview with China International Television (CGTN) a few days ago, Koopmans said: “The World Health Organization has warned of the risk of emerging diseases. I don’t think any country can be spared. So I don’t think it should be blame, but about understanding. And learn about the future of global prevention work.”
In an exclusive interview with CGTN on the 12th, WHO spokesperson Margaret Harris said that joint scientific research cooperation “has nothing to do with politics and politics should be set aside.” Harris pointed out that he hopes to put forward some possible scientific hypotheses and research directions on some important scientific issues through understanding and research, through scientific research cooperation between the expert group and Chinese scientists.
Michael Ryan, head of WHO’s health emergency program, also emphasized this point at a regular press conference in Geneva on January 11. According to the United Nations news website, Ryan stated that the purpose of the expert team’s trip to China was to “clarify the source of the disease, not who should be held responsible” and to find key scientific evidence to find out how the virus can enter the human body from animals. Specific opportunities and events.
Ryan said: “I implore everyone to make this investigation related to science, not politics. We are looking for some answers that may save human lives in the future, rather than looking for people to blame… Sometimes I think the latter is everyone. This kind of thinking is not helpful to science and will create obstacles for WHO to cooperate with member states and perform its duties.
According to Xinhua News Agency, Ruian also said on the same day that the research results of the international expert group’s investigation in China may help form scientific hypotheses, and may also lead to the need for further traceability studies in other countries. In terms of virus traceability and understanding of the impact of the epidemic, WHO will go to any country and any region to collect relevant information as needed.
Tianwen-1 completed the fourth midway correction of its orbit and returned the first image of Mars
At 20 o’clock on February 5, 2021, the engine of the first Mars exploration mission Tianwen-1 probe was ignited, and the fourth midway correction of the ground fire transfer section was successfully completed to ensure that Mars capture was carried out as planned.
Up to now, Tianwen-1 has been in orbit for about 197 days, about 184 million kilometers away from Earth, about 1.1 million kilometers away from Mars, and a flight mileage of about 465 million kilometers. The probe systems are in good condition.
Prior to this, Tianwen-1 acquired the first Martian image at a distance of about 2.2 million kilometers from Mars.
The potential mass range of dark matter is narrowed, helping to focus the search area
According to a report by the physicist organization network on the 27th, British scientists used the fact that gravity acts on dark matter to fundamentally calculate the mass range of dark matter for the first time. This range is much narrower than previously thought. The latest research has narrowed the range of potential masses of dark matter particles and also limited the search range for future dark matter “catchers”. It will also help scientists discover potential new forces in the future.
Dark matter does not emit light, emit electromagnetic waves, does not participate in electromagnetic interactions, and cannot be directly “seen” with any optical or electromagnetic wave observation equipment. Scientists have confirmed its existence through the effect of dark matter on galaxies. The result of the cosmic microwave background radiation observation experiment gives the proportion of dark matter in the total amount of cosmic matter. In the universe, ordinary matter accounts for only 4.9%, dark matter accounts for 26.8%, and dark energy accounts for 68.3%. Dark energy and dark matter are also considered to be two dark clouds in the physics sky at the beginning of the 21st century.
In the latest study, the research team led by Professor Xavier Kalmot of the School of Mathematics and Physical Sciences at the University of Sussex assumed that gravity is the only force acting on dark matter, and calculated that the mass of dark matter particles is between Between 10-3eV (electron volt) and 107eV, it is much narrower than the theoretically expected 10-24eV to 1028eV.
“This is the first time anyone has used quantum gravity to calculate the mass range of dark matter,” Carmott said. This study shows that unless there is a hitherto unknown force affecting it, dark matter cannot be like some theories. It is said to be “ultralight” or “overweight”.
The researchers believe that this research will benefit physicists in two ways: one is to focus on the search area of dark matter; the other is to help reveal whether there are mysterious unknown forces in the universe-if the mass of dark matter is found to exceed in the future The range predicted by the Sussex team indicates that dark matter is affected by other forces in addition to gravity.
The collapse of some marine species: sea surface temperatures continue to rise under multiple pressures
A zoology study published on the 28th in the British “Nature” magazine pointed out that some marine species are facing a crisis of “population collapse”-since 1970, the number of marine slatyfish in the world has decreased by 71%. Among these marine species, More than three-quarters of them are on the verge of extinction; and another study published at the same time pointed out the “climate crisis” of the ocean: global sea surface temperature has been rising for the past 12,000 years.
The ocean is facing multiple pressures. Issues such as climate change, rising sea temperature, pollution, overfishing, and ocean acidification have been affecting the health of the ocean. Scientists currently believe that the risk of marine species extinction should mainly come from overfishing. However, the reduction of individual species has always been difficult to measure. Although the reduction of marine and coastal plategill fish populations in different regions of the world has been recorded before, there has been no global development. analysis.
This time, the Simon Fraser University team in Canada estimated the relative abundance of 18 marine slaty fish species from 1970 to 2018 and assessed the extinction risk of all 31 marine slaty fish species. They found that from 1970 to 2018, the global abundance of marine slaty fish fell by 71.1%. Among these 31 species, 24 are on the verge of extinction; 3 shark species have declined especially, and are now classified as critically endangered—this is also the most threatened species in the World Conservation Union (IUCN) list The grade.
The researchers blamed the reduction of these species on fishing pressure, which increased 18 times during this period. The research team pointed out that immediate action should be taken to prevent “population collapse”, and specifically called on governments to implement fishing restrictions to help promote species recovery.
In the climate report published on the same day by the journal Nature, the Rutgers University of New Jersey team pointed out the “climate crisis” of the ocean. According to the report, the global average annual sea surface temperature has been rising for the past 12,000 years.
The researchers reinterpreted the two latest climate models this time and devised a method to assess the seasonal deviation of a single record, and then calculate the annual average sea surface temperature. They found that climate warming from 12,000 to 6,500 years ago was caused by the retreat of the ice sheet, while recent warming was caused by the increase in greenhouse gas emissions. The current temperature is the highest in the past 12,000 years. The temperature was similar during the last interglacial period about 125,000 years ago.
In addition to suggesting that emissions have caused the sea surface temperature to continue to rise, this study also fills a long-standing gap in the gap between climate models and data used to reconstruct historical climate changes in the Holocene.