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ZTE claims that 5G base station 7nm chips are commercially available

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ZTE claims that 5G base station 7nm chips are commercially available

“The base station chip self-sufficiency rate is almost zero, which is the most difficult problem for ZTE in the embargo incident. “In mid-2018, China Merchants Securities said helplessly.

More than two years later, at the Achievements Exhibition of the 3rd Digital China Construction Summit on October 11, Li Hui, vice president of ZTE, revealed that on the main control chip of 5G wireless base stations, switches, and other equipment, ZTE’s self-developed 7 Nanochips have been commercially available, and 5nm is still in the experimental stage.

Affected by this news, on October 12, ZTE rose more than 3.5% intraday, and its market value once again challenged 160 billion yuan.

According to Li Hui, the products displayed by ZTE that day are all based on independent innovation and are completely localized: “Many people did not know ZTE’s independent innovation and development of chips and operating systems before. We used to use them for ourselves. In fact, we invested a lot of money. People are engaged in research and development. For example, there are nearly 4000 people in Chengdu working on independent operating systems.”

It is understood that ZTE currently has 2,651 5G core patents, accounting for 12% of global 5G core patents, and Huawei currently accounts for 18%.

China Merchants Securities once pointed out in a research report that the single-chip solution has further raised the threshold of base station chips, making it more difficult for domestic manufacturers to enter. The self-sufficiency rate of base station chips is almost zero, which has become the most difficult issue in the previous ZTE embargo.

Therefore, ZTE has begun to make a greater investment in the field of chips, especially in the research and development of base station chips.

In fact, on June 17 this year, ZTE disclosed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange Interactive Easy Platform that it has chip design and development capabilities, 7-nanometer chip mass production, and commercial use on a global 5G scale deployment, and 5-nanometer chips are in technology Import.

ZTE’s statement was interpreted by some investors as “capable of manufacturing chips.” The next day, ZTE soared more than 22% in the Hong Kong stock market, and its share price hit a new high in two months. On that day, its A-share share price also rose by nearly 7%.

One day later, ZTE President Xu Ziyang said at the shareholders meeting again on Friday: “ZTE’s 7nm chip has been mass-produced and commercialized in global 5G scale deployment. It is expected that the 5nm-based chip released next year will bring Higher performance and lower energy consumption.”

This statement allowed ZTE to end the week’s trading with a gain of more than 1%.

However, ZTE subsequently clarified that in the field of chip design, ZTE focuses on the design of communication chips and does not have chip manufacturing capabilities.

It is understood that the 7-nanometer chip independently developed by ZTE is still mainly manufactured by TSMC’s process, and the 2.5D/interposer technology of ASE Investment and Control is packaged and tested.

However, even the design process still has a positive meaning. Prior to this, Huawei and Qualcomm have successively launched chips produced by the 5nm process, but they are all used in the mobile phone field. In terms of base station chips, there are few public design process data.

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The hotel industry in Greece is experiencing a cold winter, and the total hotel business last year fell 78% year-on-year

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Affected by the new crown pneumonia epidemic, the Greek hotel industry suffered heavy losses. The reporter recently visited several hotels randomly on the streets of Athens, most of which were closed. Some hotels that are still reluctantly operating are sluggish.

According to a recent report issued by the Greek Tourism Forecast and Research Institute, the total business volume of hotels in Greece in 2020 will be 1.831 billion euros, which is a 78% drop compared with 8.357 billion euros in 2019. Of the 3,965 hotels operating throughout the year, only 59% (2328) chose to reopen after Greece’s first total blockade in 2020, and 63% of the reopened hotels were forced to reopen before the end of 2020. As of the end of 2020, only 863 hotels in Greece remain in operation throughout the year, accounting for 22% of the total.

Although the Greek government has introduced financial incentives and subsidies to support the hotel industry, Alexandros Vasilikos, chairman of the Hellenic Hotel Association, pointed out that the Greek hotel industry will face many uncertainties and risks in 2021. He emphasized that continuing to strengthen liquidity is what the hotel industry urgently needs to do at present. This is not only related to the interests of the industry itself and employees, but also related to the interests of the Greek national economy and related supporting industries.

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Iron ore giant Vale has started divesting its coal business after announcing the carbon-neutral plan

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On January 20, the global iron ore giant Vale of Brazil announced that the company and Mitsui & Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as “Mitsui”) signed an agreement of intent on the same day. According to the agreement, the two parties will orderly promote Mitsui’s Moatize coal mine and the Nacala logistics corridor withdrew.

It is worth noting that this is also the first step Vale has taken to spin off its coal business.

The agreement determined the main terms for Vale to acquire Mitsui’s 15% stake in Moatize Coal Mine, 50% of its stake in the Nacala Logistics Corridor, and all other minority credit bonds. According to the intentional agreement, Vale will acquire Mitsui’s shares in the Moatize Coal Mine and the Nacala Logistics Corridor at a price of US$1.00 per share.

In the past 15 years, Vale has cooperated with the governments of Mozambique and Malawi to mine the Moatize coal mine and develop the 912-kilometer-long Nacala logistics corridor to serve coal transportation.

The goal of both parties is to complete the acquisition in 2021, and the specific completion time depends on the determination of the final agreement and the realization of the prerequisites for the acquisition. After the transaction is completed, Vale will merge the Nacala logistics corridor entity and all its assets and liabilities, including the Nacala financing project, which has an outstanding balance of approximately US$2.5 billion.

Vale said that after acquiring Mitsui’s shares and simplifying the governance structure and asset management process, Vale will start the divestiture of its coal business. By then, Vale will maintain the operations of the Moatize Coal Mine and the Nacala logistics corridor. , Looking for third parties interested in these assets.

Vale stated that it will continue to support the project to reach production capacity while it is diligently looking for investors in the coal business. It said that the two ongoing initiatives at the Moatize Coal Mine will bring sustainable results, including a new mining plan and a new operating strategy for the coal processing plant. The new mining plan calls for prioritizing the mining of ore bodies with better quality and higher stripping ratios in order to improve the quality of the product portfolio while reducing costs.

According to reports, the two existing concentrators at Moatize Coal Mine will restart operations and adopt a new process that has been implemented since November 2020. After the full implementation of the new process, Vale expects that the concentrator will continue to reach production, and its production and operation rates in the second half of 2021 and 2022 are expected to reach 15 million tons/year and 18 million tons/year respectively.

Vale emphasized that as the first step for Vale to divest its coal business, the signing of this intentional agreement is in line with the company’s capital allocation principles and the goal of simplifying its product portfolio while strengthening its commitment to the Paris Agreement.

It is worth mentioning that previously, on May 12, 2020, Vale announced that it would invest at least US$2 billion to achieve a direct and indirect absolute emission reduction of 33% by the end of 2030. Vale also plans to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050 through this plan.

Headquartered in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Vale has operations on five continents and is the world’s largest producer of iron ore and pellets and the largest producer of nickel metal. Vale operates a large-scale logistics system in Brazil and other parts of the world, including railways, shipping terminals, and ports, and also has a logistics center to support the global distribution of iron ore.

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California Disney refunds annual card users, and Paris Disney’s re-opening date is delayed by 48 days

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Recently, according to information released by the Disney Company, Ken Potrock, President of Disneyland Resort (California Disney Resort), said in a statement that due to the ongoing uncertainty of the new coronavirus epidemic and the false news of the reopening of the California Disney Resort, Appropriate refunds will be made for eligible California Disney Resort annual card users, and the current (annual card) plan will be canceled.

It can be seen that due to the impact of the US epidemic, the California Disney Resort has been unable to reopen for a long time. Prior to this, California Disneyland has been “working hard” for the reopening.

On October 21st last year, Disneyland in California announced through the Disney Company: “We have proven that we can responsibly reopen under the science-based health and safety measures that are strictly enforced in theme parks around the world. However. , California continues to ignore this fact and instead requires the state government to know the guidelines that do not work. This makes the standards we meet very different from those of other reopened businesses and state-run facilities. We hope that, together with the union, Let people return to work, but these state government guidelines will keep us closed for the foreseeable future, forcing thousands of people to lose their jobs, cause small family businesses to inevitably close down, and cause damage to Southern California communities Irreparable destruction.”

But in the comments on the news on Twitter, most people believed that under the current conditions, the park should not be reopened.

Up to now, of the six Disney parks in the world, only Shanghai Disneyland, Tokyo Disneyland, and Orlando Disneyland in the United States are open. In addition to Disneyland in California, Hong Kong Disneyland and Disneyland Paris are also closed.

On December 1, 2020, Hong Kong Disneyland Resort announced that in response to the government’s request and in line with the current epidemic prevention measures taken by Hong Kong, Hong Kong Disneyland will be temporarily closed from December 2. Hong Kong Disneyland Resort will maintain close contact with the Hong Kong government and health authorities and will announce the reopening date depending on the situation. This is the third time Hong Kong Disneyland has closed the park since the outbreak of the new coronavirus in 2020.

In addition, Disneyland Paris has also been closed twice.

On October 29, 2020, Disneyland Paris has closed again after reopening on July 15. According to news from the official website of Disneyland Paris, in order to celebrate the Christmas holiday, Disneyland Paris will accept reservations from December 19, 2020, to January 3, 2021, and hopes to open it according to the prevailing situation and government guidance. From January 4th to February 12th, Disneyland Paris will be closed.

But for now, Disney Paris may not be able to reopen as scheduled on February 13.

On January 18th, local time in France, the updated message of Disneyland Paris said: “If conditions permit, we will reopen Disneyland Paris on April 2, 2021, and accept reservations from that date.”

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