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Horizon Zero Dawn – The masterpiece of combat games

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Horizon Zero Dawn - The masterpiece of combat games

“Horizon Zero Dawn” is a third-person action role-playing game produced by Guerrilla Games, a studio owned by Sony. It officially released on February 28, 2017. The subsequent DLC Ice Dust Snow Wild released on November 7, 2017.

Horizon Zero Dawn - The masterpiece of combat games

Horizon Zero Dawn – The masterpiece of combat games

 

Horizon Zero Dawn Pictures

I have to sigh the power of the Decima game engine. Whether it is the vast and diverse vegetation or dynamic weather effects. Sometimes it is sunny, sometimes squally rain, lightning and thunder. There are a variety of landscapes in the game, such as deserts, snow-capped mountains, rain forests, and ice scenes like DLC. The colorful natural beauty, set off by the powerful picture, makes people linger.

Whether it is the particle special effects generated when the weapon collides with the machine, the explosion effect when the mechanical beast falls to the ground, or the screen special effect when the head of the long-necked beast is covered, it is breathtaking. The game also has additional graphics options on the 4K monitor. It can turn on HDR, with 4K resolution under PS4 Pro. Therefore, it can be said that it is the strongest picture effect of Sony’s first-party game.

Horizon Zero Dawn - The masterpiece of combat games

 

Horizon Zero Dawn Plot

The story takes place nearly a thousand years in the future. Human beings degenerate into primitive tribal society due to the invasion of biological machinery and the destruction of mankind. The remaining humans, like their ancestors, carry on the matrilineal clan. However, the destruction of ancient humans and the rule of mechanical creatures over this continent are still unknown.

There are three tribes in the game, the Nora, the Carja, and the Oseram. The Nora was a hunter-gatherer who lived on the mountain and worshipped nature. The Kariya is a city-builder living in the desert who worships the sun. The Oseram is a repairman for metalworking, brewing and arguing.

The protagonist’s identity as a tribal exile is revealing his own life experience step by step while exploring this vast world. Whether it is the intrigue between the tribes or the final plan of Zero Dawn, it will be slowly revealed. The game seems to want to express a common topic. How can the relationship between mankind, technology, and nature coexist correctly?

Horizon Zero Dawn - The masterpiece of combat games

 

Skill tree and combat style

The protagonist has 36 skills available in the game, which are divided into three categories: the stalker who optimizes stealth to kill enemies, the brave who optimizes combat effectiveness, and the forager who optimizes resource collection. They are unlocked by the skill tree obtained by upgrading.

Combat is mainly based on third-person shooting elements, of course, the main character Eloy also has a spear melee weapon. Melee weapons play a huge role in sneaking, can instantly cause high damage to the enemy, but also through the cover command to control the mechanical beast.

The most used weapons in battle are bows. In addition to bows and arrows, there are also rope mixers and slingshots. And different types of bows and arrows also have different attributes, divided into fire, thunder, and ice. Fire can cause mechanical beasts continuous damage. Lightning can make them rigid and immobile, and mechanical beasts in frozen state can cause additional damage to them.

Horizon Zero Dawn - The masterpiece of combat games

 

Arms and armor

The main character can carry with four weapons at the same time, you can switch freely in battle. Body parts only available with one set of clothes. The equipment can be set in different coils, three coils tops. The coil provides damage and handling of various properties, which are the speed at which the weapon is fired. The equipment provides the resistance of different attributes, the resistance of melee weapons, and concealment, that means the sneak is more difficult to find.

Horizon Zero Dawn - The masterpiece of combat games

 

Tasks

It divided the main tasks into mainline tasks, branch tasks and errands. Of course, it also contains some elements of exploration of bandit camps, long-necked beasts, deterioration areas, hunting grounds, casting factories and tutorials.

Although the branch task is mostly to find things, hunting machinery and animal running errands task-oriented. But there is some valid information that reflects the rich information contained in the world. The branch task designer was also involved in the design of the main tasks of The Witcher 3. Although not as high as the “Witcher 3” mission story, but as an ARPG, has been very good.

 

The game’s graphics and combat system are very good, and the branch missions are also remarkable. The disadvantage is that the lack of weapons, and the combination of equipment is relatively simple. The playing time is longer, it will feel relatively simple. But fortunately, the great charm of the battle makes people enjoy it. Other characters in the main storyline are less impressive. And if you only play the mainline, you can pass through the game level in about 25 hours with low difficulty.

Primitive tribal society, high-tech mechanical monsters, was originally two kinds of things. However, in the game’s specific world settings, there is no trace of disobedience.

The sky swept over the huge mechanical strange birds, or wandering in the desert drilling of the huge mechanical beasts. Dress up as a tribal exile, explore and hunt in this land.

The sparks emitted by the bows and arrows and metal frictions of the weapons, or the explosive effect of mechanical animal parts scattered all over the place, are unusually addictive. So that let people at any time behind the main story, let people into the battle, the story of what seems to be less important.

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The UK will restrict the promotion of junk food since April 2022

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The UK will restrict the promotion of junk food since April 2022

The British government stated on the 28th that in response to public health issues, from April 2022, the government will prohibit restaurants from launching “buy one get one free” activities for high-fat, high-salt foods and sugary beverages, and restrict shops from targeting such foods promotion.

According to a Reuters report on the 28th, the British government stated on the same day that obesity is one of the public health problems faced by the UK for a long time. According to statistics, nearly two-thirds of adults in the UK are overweight, and one-third of primary school graduates face overweight or obesity problems. To solve this problem, the British government decided to ban restaurants from launching “buy one get one free” promotions for junk foods such as high-fat, high-salt foods, and sugary beverages from April 2022. In addition, stores will not be allowed to promote such products at checkout counters, entrances, and aisles.

In response, British Health and Social Security official Joe Churchill said, “We are introducing a series of measures to ensure that people can make healthy choices. Creating an environment that helps people eat healthy food more often will improve their health is of the utmost importance.”

The British government issued a new policy to deal with obesity in July this year, and for the first time proposed to implement measures such as restricting junk food advertising and promotional activities to reduce the domestic obesity rate. According to previous reports, British Prime Minister Johnson has criticized the taxation of junk food and said that he himself has a “liberal” attitude on reducing obesity. But after he contracted new coronary pneumonia and entered the intensive care unit for a while, his attitude towards obesity changed, and he began to control his weight and support the government’s restrictions on junk food.

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Opening of the Humboldt Forum Museum, cultural relics plundered by the colonies have become a major issue

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Opening of the Humboldt Forum Museum, cultural relics plundered by the colonies have become a major issue

This Wednesday (December 16), the Humboldt Forum Museum in Berlin finally opened, and a new member was added to the famous Museum Island in Berlin. Since Germany has implemented a strict lockdown order from Wednesday, the opening ceremony of the museum was held online.

Opening of the Humboldt Forum Museum, cultural relics plundered by the colonies have become a major issue

Rendering of the Humboldt Forum Museum

The opening of the museum can be described as twists and turns. Previously, due to construction progress issues, the opening time was postponed from September 2019 to the fall of 2020. Earlier this year, due to the outbreak of the new crown epidemic, German Minister of Culture Monika Grütters said in a media interview that he could not confirm that the fall could be made. Successfully opened. In early April, the museum site was hit by a sudden fire. The explosion of natural gas cylinders caused the building materials and the asphalt boiler to catch fire. Fortunately, the building itself was not damaged.

 

The most important European museum

For Berlin and even Germany, the official opening of the Humboldt Forum Museum is of great significance. Its construction cost more than 677 million euros, and it contains nearly 20,000 cultural relics. It has been called “Europe’s most important museum project.” It will be the sixth museum on Berlin’s “Museum Island” and is also called “Germany’s national card” by Monica Grütters.

The museum is named after the 19th-century German explorer and naturalist Alexander von Humboldt, and his brother Wilhelm von Humboldt who co-founded the Humboldt University in Berlin, to commemorate their reform and modernization of Prussia Contribution. The official website of the museum states, “The Humboldt Forum Museum focuses on all the complicated history and culture in the world”, and it strives to “tell human stories from multiple angles”.

Opening of the Humboldt Forum Museum, cultural relics plundered by the colonies have become a major issue

However, the names of the Humboldt brothers also remind people of the German colonial period in the 19th century. The museum’s main collections and collections are cultural relics from Africa, Asia, and Oceania outside of Germany, which were mainly acquired by colonists and expeditions at the time in German colonies.

 

Bloody artifacts

Germany’s overseas colonies are mainly in Africa, mainly including German Togoland (now Ghana and Togo), German Cameroon, German East Africa (now Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, etc.), and German Southwestern Africa (now Namibia). In addition, many overseas expeditions in Germany have also joined the plunder of cultural relics in underdeveloped areas. The more famous is the large number of Kizil cave paintings stolen by the German expeditions in Xinjiang in the early 20th century.

For this reason, the establishment of the Humboldt Forum Museum has also attracted widespread controversy. Although the BBC said in a report that the new Humboldt Forum should showcase the global culture and become a symbol of tolerance and diversity in a reunified Germany.

The main collections of the museum come from the Berlin Asian Art Museum (Kizil Caves are mainly collected here), Humboldt University, Berlin City Museum, and the Museum of Ethnology. According to the official website, “these cultural relics came to Berlin through a network of merchants, collectors, colonial officials, and others.”

Opening of the Humboldt Forum Museum, cultural relics plundered by the colonies have become a major issue

Kizil Grotto Murals in the Collection of Berlin Asian Museum

According to Paola Ivanov, curator of the Humboldt Forum’s African Collection, the Museum of Ethnology had only 3,361 African collections before Germany took part in the colonial looting. By the end of the colonial era, this number had soared to about 50,000.

The most controversial among the museum collections is a batch of bronzes from Benin that were originally in the Berlin Museum of Ethnology.

The Kingdom of Benin is located in what is now southern Nigeria. In 1897, the British army invaded Benin City and plundered thousands of works of art, including bronzes and ivory carvings, from the palace. Later, these works of art disappeared in various European countries.

Since the 1960s, the Nigerian government has been committed to the return of these cultural relics. Under continuous appeal, the “Benin Dialogue Group” was formed by major European museums including the British Museum to seek a solution to this problem. In 2018, the team agreed to temporarily return a batch of the most representative works to support the Royal Museum of Benin, Nigeria, which will open in 2021.

Opening of the Humboldt Forum Museum, cultural relics plundered by the colonies have become a major issue

Brass sculpture of Benin in the Berlin Museum of Ethnology

In March 2020, following the recourse of members of the Royal Family of Benin, the British Museum of Bristol agreed to return a bronze in its collection.

The Benin bronzes in the Humboldt Forum Museum belong to this batch of cultural relics, about 180 pieces. The Nigerian ambassador to Germany, Yusuf Tugal, has appealed to the German government to return these artifacts. He said that on December 9, he had written “an official letter” to Grütters and Merkel, but did not receive a reply.

Opening of the Humboldt Forum Museum, cultural relics plundered by the colonies have become a major issue

A member of the royal family of Benin and the bronze statue in the Bristol Museum that he pursued

In response to this, a spokesperson for the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation, which manages the Berlin Public Museum, stated that “no formal return request (from Nigeria) has been received”.

The famous French art historian Benedicte Savoy is an expert on looted artworks and was a member of the Humboldt Forum International Expert Panel. In 2017, only two years after joining the group, she left the group, partly because for her, the research on the sources of the works planned to be exhibited was too slow.

She told the German Süddeutsche Zeitung at the time: “I want to know how much blood has dripped on a piece of art.” She also said: “If this research is not completed, neither the Humboldt Forum nor the Museum of Ethnology should be opened. “

Opening of the Humboldt Forum Museum, cultural relics plundered by the colonies have become a major issue

Benedicte Savoy

However, it was not until the end of 2019 that the museum added four full-time provenance research positions in its ethnology and Asian collection departments. These four individuals are responsible for tracing the source of thousands of works of art.

 

Once a colonial palace, now a museum

Ironically, the location of the Humboldt Forum Museum is also a building related to German colonial history. The predecessor of the building is the Berlin City Palace, which was once the palace of the Kingdom of Prussia and the palace of the German Empire. The German emperor who was the initiator and enjoyer of the colonial war once lived here.

Opening of the Humboldt Forum Museum, cultural relics plundered by the colonies have become a major issue

City Palace on old photos

At the end of World War II, the palace was bombed and later rebuilt by the East German government as the Palace of the Republic. It was later demolished due to carcinogenic problems caused by the use of a large amount of asbestos in the building. In 2013, the Humboldt Forum Museum was rebuilt here, and three of the façades restored the magnificent Baroque style of the city palace.

Opening of the Humboldt Forum Museum, cultural relics plundered by the colonies have become a major issue

Museum renderings

A Tanzanian living in Berlin, Mnyaka Mboro, told National Geographic magazine: “As Africans, we are asking – what do they want to show us when they rebuild this colonial palace? Do they want to show us that they are still in power?” He opposed the construction of the Humboldt Forum Museum. “I used to work in the basement of the Museum of Ethnology. You will find there are thousands of cultural relics that were taken during the colonial era. We Africans want to get them back.”

 

Controversial future

Officials are also responding to these controversies. Berlin Mayor Michael Mueller stated at the opening ceremony on Wednesday that the Humboldt Forum will be “a place to reflect on our history and our place in the world”.

Grütters told Deutsche Welle, “In fact,…the controversy over the colonial background is very good, and the Humboldt Forum Museum has also made some preparations. From what I know, I am very confident that I can survive this difficult Find a new entry point on the topic.”

As one of the most fierce critics of the Humboldt Forum Museum, Savoy expects that the Humboldt Forum Museum can make issues public and take controversies seriously. If so, she still believes in the museum’s “great potential.”

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China

Chinese photographer shoot video of a bolide fireball meteor

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Chinese photographer shoot video of a bolide fireball meteor

The photographer squatted in the field at -40℃ and photographed “bolide fireball meteor”, which is the first time in China.

The Gemini meteor shower in the early morning of December 14 made many photography enthusiasts aim their lens at the starry sky and chose a good location for shooting. At 1:30 in the morning, a “crazy photographer” from Beijing, China, took pictures in China. The peculiar phenomenon of the rare bolide “Bolide”.

In the video, I saw a huge green meteor falling from the sky at an almost vertical angle, illuminating half of the sky in front of me. What’s more peculiar is that the light emitted by the burning meteor forms a halo around it, similar to the usual “solar halo” phenomenon. This spectacle caused by the bolide is the first time in Chinese records.

The photographer Niu Gan, who was squatting in Inner Mongolia, where the temperature was over 30 degrees Celsius below minus 30 degrees Celsius, photographed this phenomenon. He said that he can only describe this phenomenon by luck.

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